Plant protection drones are drones used in the agricultural field. They belong to category V drones and are widely used in modern agricultural and forestry plant protection. They are mainly used for spraying chemicals, seeds, powder, etc. There are many types of plant protection drones. According to the power division, they can be divided into electric plant protection drones, oil-electric hybrid plant protection drones, and oil-powered plant protection drones; according to the model structure, they can be divided into single-rotor plant protection drones. Human-machine, multi-rotor plant protection UAV, fixed-wing plant protection UAV. The following MANHOPE editor will work with you to understand what kind of drones plant protection drones belong to and what are the classifications of agricultural plant protection drones.
1. What is a plant protection drone?
Plant protection UAV is a UAV used for agricultural and forestry plant protection. It consists of three parts: flying platform, navigation flight control and spraying mechanism. It can spray chemicals and seed powder. Intelligent, easy to operate, etc. In addition, due to small size, light weight, convenient transportation, and flexible flight control, the plant protection drone has good applicability to different plots and crops.
2. Which type of drone does the plant protection drone belong to?
Plant protection drones are a kind of drones. There are grades of drones, not high-level and low-level, and of course not expensive or cheap, but based on the weight of the drone. There are nine categories:
a. Class I UAV: The weight of the empty aircraft and the take-off weight are both less than 0.25kg, mainly small flying aircraft.
b. Class II UAV: the weight of the empty aircraft is greater than 0.25kg and not exceeding 4kg; the take-off weight is greater than 1.5kg and not exceeding 7kg.
c. Class III UAV: The weight of the empty aircraft is greater than 4kg and not exceeding 15kg; the take-off weight is greater than 7kg and not exceeding 25kg.
d. Class IV UAV: the weight of the empty aircraft is greater than 15kg, not exceeding 116kg; the take-off weight is greater than 25kg, not exceeding 150kg.
e.V UAV: Plant protection UAV.
f. VI class UAV: the unmanned airship.
g. VI UAVs: Class I and II UAVs operating beyond visual range.
h. Type VⅢ UAV: the empty weight is greater than 116kg, not exceeding 5700kg; the take-off weight is greater than 150kg, not exceeding 5700kg.
Type i.IX UAV: The empty weight and take-off weight are both over 5700kg, also known as super large UAV.
Agricultural plant protection drones belong to category V drones.
3. What are the types of agricultural plant protection drones?
There are many types of plant protection drones used in the field of agricultural and forestry plant protection, which can be divided into different types according to different division methods:
a. Classified by power:
Electric plant protection UAV: The advantages are environmental protection, no exhaust gas, no farmland pollution, easy operation and maintenance, and low price; the disadvantages are small load, short flight time, and a generator is required for field operations.
Oil-driven plant protection UAV: The advantages are large load, long flight time, and easy access to fuel; the disadvantages are that it will cause crop pollution, high price, troublesome maintenance, and the life of the engine is shorter than that of the motor.
Oil-electric hybrid plant protection drone: The oil-electric hybrid plant protection drone mainly solves the problem of short battery life of plant protection drones, but due to the high cost of equipment, maintenance is also troublesome.
b. Classified by model structure
Single-rotor plant protection UAV: The single-rotor plant protection UAV has a large rotor, stable flight, good wind resistance conditions, stable wind field, good atomization effect, large downward swirling airflow, strong penetrating power, and pesticides can hit the roots of crops location, the air flight speed can be adjusted flexibly, it is suitable for areas with complex terrain, and can meet the pesticide spraying needs of small and medium-sized fields.
Multi-rotor plant protection UAV: Multi-rotor plant protection UAV uses multiple rotation centers with symmetrical structure to drive the rotor to generate wind for flight operations. Plant protection UAVs are moderately priced and flexible in operation. However, due to the use of batteries as the power source, the operation coverage radius of the multi-rotor helicopter is within 300m, and the single operation time is within 30min, which is more suitable for small fields in the field.
Fixed-wing plant protection drones: Fixed-wing aircraft are mainly used in farmland information collection and farmland remote sensing. The fixed-wing aircraft has a large load capacity, fast flight speed, and high operating efficiency. It flies at ultra-low altitude and is 5-7m away from the crop canopy. It has high requirements on the topographical conditions of the operating area and is easily affected by obstacles around the field such as electric wires and poles. , trees, etc., causing flight safety problems.
Suzhou MANHOPE Agricultural Machinery Co., Ltd. mainly produces agricultural machinery such as walk-behind tractors and supporting machinery, rotary tillers, ditchers, receivers, mini excavators, electric sprayers, and plant protection drones. Please pay attention to MAHOPE's website (//www.manhope.com/), and let's learn more about plant protection drones.